BUDDLEIA (The Butterfly Bush)

China

Buddleia
Buddleia is a perennial shrub that produces long panicles of tiny fragrant flowers late in the growing season. (Here in North London this happens in August, whereas a few decades ago it was September…)

Left to its own devices, this plant makes a mound that is four metres in diameter.

Buddleia needs little care and attention from the gardener. While neighbouring plants require mulching, deadheading & general high maintenance, Buddleia does not. It grows in virtually any soil & suffers from no pests or diseases.

It only needs to be cut back hard in late March to encourage late flowering; this will help late-season pollinators to find nectar in the autumn.

 

WILDLIFE FRIENDLY

Flowers of Buddleia Davidii, the species plant brought from China, are nectar-rich. This plant is a magnet for pollinators – especially butterflies – & is known as The Butterfly Bush. Butterflies attracted to it include Brimstone, Comma, Large WhiteMeadow BrownPainted Lady, Peacock, Red Admiral, Small Tortoiseshell & Small White.

Buddleia tree

Closeup, Buddleia tree outside Ecology Centre

Islington Ecology Centre

 

The Buddleia outside Gillespie Park’s Ecology Centre, cut back quite hard every season, is now a Buddleia tree rather than a mound of shrubbery.

Ricoh DC 4U

BUDDLEIA 2013

 

Buddleia Davidii ‘Empire Blue’ (panicles of fragrant LAVENDER flowers with RED-ORANGE centres) is our local Buddleia. Its blue-green leaves remain through London winters.

The Butterfly Bush can be found all round Highbury and adjoining neighbourhoods. It grows between paving stones, out of brick walls, on bare earth. Before redevelopment, a small Buddleia grew high up on the art deco facade of Highbury Stadium’s East Stand.

 

 

Buddleia on facade of Highbury Stadium East Stand, 2002

Buddleia growing in brickwork opposite Highbury Stadium North Bank

Buddleia silhouetted in fog opposite Highbury Stadium

 

 

 

 

 
 
 

Monty Don, writing in The Mailonline in 2013, said Buddleja davidii, in particular, will colonise ground that is primarily loose stone, like the shingle on the edges of mountain streams in its native Sichuan in south-west China. They also particularly like lime, hence the predilection for the mortar in brick walls, or an untended back yard and the fact that they relish the thinnest chalky soil in a garden.”

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/gardening/article-2407071/Its-time-bit-butterflies-Buddleia-grow-just-good-news-wildlife-says-gardening-expert-Monty-Don.html

 

Buddleia on Sir George Robey pub, Seven Sisters Road

Buddleia on Arsenal Store, Finsbury Park Station

 

 

 

Red Admiral Butterfly on Buddleia

PROBLEMS WITH BUDDLEIA

Ecologists say that, while UK Butterflies may drink Buddleia Davidii’s nectar, it is not a food plant for them. No eggs are laid on, or caterpillars feed on, the leaves of Buddleia Davidii. Gardeners need to grow other food plants nearby to help butterflies to complete their life cycle.

 

Tanya Gupta, writing about Buddleia in July 2014’s BBC News, said

‘Sprouting from seemingly every derelict building, it stakes an increasingly plausible claim for the title of Britain’s national flower.’

white butterfly on buddleia

Network Rail says Buddleia has a habit of growing in walls where it can interfere with overhead power lines and obscure signals.’

Butterfly Conservation .. recommends planting Buddleia for its summer nectar but warns that it can cause serious problems on conservation sites. It advises against planting Buddleia where it may be unmanaged and recommends gardeners remove seed heads. “It spreads incredibly quickly,” says spokesman Liam Creedon.’

Buddleja davidii, to give its latin name, which originated in China, is viewed by the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) as an invasive non-native species. Gardeners are being asked by Defra to remove seed heads after flowering to prevent its spread before it becomes “ubiquitous”.’

Tanya Gupta, BBC News, Buddleia Dominates Britain’s Railways

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-28196221

“HANDS OFF BRITAIN’S BUDDLEIAS”

Nigel Colborn asks some probing questions about Defra:

“Officials at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) consider buddleia an ‘invasive alien’. What a pejorative term for such a beneficial plant. The phrase conjures up man-eating space monsters or foreign tanks roaring up our beaches.

 

Gardeners are grateful for this undemanding plant. It’s easy to grow and copes with poor soil and wanton neglect. Trees and shrubs that flower in spring are two-a-penny. But late-summer colour, particularly that dazzling purple, is rare.

And never forget the butterflies. No other plant is such a magnet to them. On warm days, flocks of tortoiseshells, peacocks, red admirals and other species will feast to such excess that they become sleepy and stay put, even if you breathe on them. Species that hibernate need the food to help them through the coming winter.

 

Buddleias provide nectar and pollen to bees and other insects. On a warm, still night, you’ll find as many moths feeding as there are butterflies by day.

 

In fact, I believe that Defra itself, rather than those delightful buddleia bushes, is more worthy of a cull. This monolithic mega-ministry, created by the Blair government in 2001, results from an unholy merging of previously separate departments — including Environment, Agriculture, Fisheries, Nature Conservation and the nebulous ‘Rural Affairs’. The result is a cumbersome monster whose short history makes depressing reading.”

In the link below Nigel Colborn cites Defra‘s record on Japanese Knotweed, Ash Dieback Disease, subsidy payments to farmers, excessuve verge-mowing and the destruction of hedgerows and meadowland.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/debate/article-2702210/Hands-Britains-buddleias-Its-fragrant-favourite-butterflies-love-says-NIGEL-COLBORN-So-Government-got-buddleia.html

 

Bumblebee on Buddleia davidii

Bumblebee on Buddleia davidii

We have a young Buddleia in the garden now. It grew from a seedling that landed in one of our windowboxes. Planted out in 2010, it is being trained to arch over the path & flower above head height. Bring on the butterflies!

Buddleia overhang

May Theilgaard Watts, visiting London in the years following the Second World War, found Buddleia growing in bomb craters with Canadian Fleabane, Coltsfoot, Elder, Oxford Ragwort, Plantain & Rosebay Willowherb.

READING THE LANDSCAPE OF EUROPE, May Thielgaard Watts, Harper & Row, New York 1971.