MEADOWSWEET (Filipendula ulmaria)

Meadowsweet enhanced

Europe, W Asia

 

Filipendula ulmaria is a perennial herb that can be found throughout the country. It grows in sunshine, on damp ground & in wet meadows & ditches. Its strong reddish-brown stems can reach over two metres in height.

Leaves are pleated, dark green with a heavy almond-like aroma. From June through August a froth of tiny CREAM flowers with the fragrance of vanilla appears at the stem tips.

 

‘Like plumes of candy floss on sticks…’   James Wong, GROW YOUR OWN DRUGS, Collins 2009

enlarged Honeybee on Meadowsweet

 

Bees’ Favourite.

The sweet scent of these flowers animates the many bees drawn to Meadowsweet for its pollen, as can be seen on our videos. Moths, dragonflies, hoverflies, ladybirds & other pollinators are also keen on this wildflower.

 

 

RHS Perfect for Pollinators

Meadowsweet is on the list of plants rated by the RHS Perfect for Pollinators. These insects transfer pollen and increase seed set and fruit development.

Find out more at: rhs.org.uk/plants 

Meadowsweet foliage April 2015

Meadowsweet foliage April 2015

WEBSITE -Meadowsweet crop

 

 

meadowsweet with honeybeeUses

The Celts used the roots of Meadowsweet to produce a black dye;  a blue pigment was obtained from the leaves, & yellow from the top of the plant.

In Ireland Meadowsweet is used to scour milk vessels.

http://irishhedgerows.weebly.com/flora.html

…flowery tops contain Salicylic acid – nature’s aspirin’. In 1897, chemists at Bayer produced synthetically altered salicin, which helps alleviate fever, headache and pain. They named it Aspirin (acetyl + spiraea ulmaria) after the plant’s earlier botanical name, Spiraea ulmaria.

http://www.indianmirror.com/ayurveda/ayurveda.html

 

‘The name meadowsweet is said to come, not from the fact that it grows in meadows as one would expect, but from its early use to flavour mead, evolving from Middle English Medewurte, as it appears in Chaucer’s The Knight’s Tale.

‘In Irish mythology, Cú Chulainn, the warlike hero of the Ulster Cycle, is said to have used meadowsweet baths to calm his rages and fevers…

‘The smell is very distinctive and I have heard it compared to everything from deep heat to marzipan to pickled cucumber! To me it smells sweetly fragrant with an edge of the disinfectant TCP that I remember from childhood.’ Lucinda Warner

Find more herbal & historical details of Meadowsweet on the extensive Whispering Earth website.

 

VIDEO – SUMMERBREEZE, MEADOWSWEET

 

Sacred to the Druids, Meadowsweet was laid on floors in the Middle Ages as a fragrant strewing herb to be walked on, or on wooden church pews to be sat on. For medieval wedding festivals it was strewn with Salad Burnet, which smells of cucumber.

Jacqueline Hodson, The Smell of the Middle Ages,  http://www.triviumpublishing.com/articles/smellofthemiddleages.html

 

Scents of the Middle Ages,
http://www.gallowglass.org/jadwiga/herbs/scents.html

 

Other names:  Altarreina, Barbe de Bouc, Barbe de Chevre, Brideswort, Courtship and Marriage, Crios Chu-chulainn, Dolloff, Dropwort, Ergecsakali, Fausse Spiree, Filipendule, Floron, Goat’s Beard, Hayriff, Hierba de las abejas, Honey-flower, Kiss Me Quick, Lady of the Meadow, Meadow-Wort, Meadswort, Meadsweet, Moerasspirea, Mountain Spirea, Petite Reine, Pride of the Meadow, Quaker Lady, Queen of the Ditch, Queen of the Meadow, Queen of the Prairie, Racine de Gravier, Reina de los Prados, Reine de la Prairie, Reine-des-Pres, Spiraeae Flos, Spireae Herba, Ulmaria.

Meadowsweet and Purple Loosestrife

 

Our Meadowsweet patch began life as a rooted stem, given away by the conservation team at Gillespie Park’s Ecology Centre. Dug up one Volunteer Day as we replanted the entrance on Gillespie Road, it made way for other plants.

Brought back to our garden & planted in sun at the damp edge of the fern bed, it blooms every summer with nearby Purple Loosestrife, bringing in the bees. No pests or diseases trouble it.

VIDEO – BEES ON MEADOWSWEET