POTENTILLA FRUTICOSA (Shrubby Cinquefoil)

Northern hemisphere

 

Potentilla flowers

Potentilla fl sharpen

 

 Potentilla fruticosa is a small shrub, a deciduous perennial. It prefers full sun or light shade and demands no special treatment. It will tolerate clay soils or those that are rocky, alkaline, dry or poor.

In late spring small sprays of mid-green leaves open on dry, twiggy branches. Buds that look like tidy individually-wrapped parcels appear at the tips of the sprays in May, opening into bright saucer-shaped BUTTER YELLOW flowers. They bloom until November.

 

 

World Distribution

“POTENTILLA FRUTICOSA, A COMMON BUT LITTLE KNOWN PLANT

The bush cinquefoil (Potentilla fruticosa) is one of the few woody plants native over both northern hemispheres. It can be found as a low mat of dense woody growth on top of the Olympic Mountains in Washington or high up in the Himalayas, and as three-foot shrubs in Michigan, as well as in Great Britain, Europe and China.”

Arnoldia, a continuation of the Bulletin of Popular Information of the Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University,       September 1955

 

Medicinal, Traditional

The Shrubby Cinquefoil has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial properties.

https://abchealthonline.com/6591132-cinquefoil-useful-properties-root-use-indications

 

‘The leaves are astringent. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of indigestion. A tea is made from the dried leaves. Used as a substitute for China tea, especially by people living at high elevations in the Himalayas.’   Medicinal herbs, Shrubby Cinquefoil, Potentilla fruticosa, Mozilla Firefox.

 

“Shrub cinquefoil grows mainly in mountainous areas on moist, drained soils. It is widely used in Mongolian and Indo-Tibetan medicine as a decoction for gastrointestinal diseases. Due to the large number of biologically active compounds, cinquefoil is used as an anti-inflammatory, hemostatic and soothing agent.” 

Cinquefoil – Useful properties, Root Use, Indications / Medicines 2022 — Mozilla Firefox

 

 

Low Maintenance

Potentilla is a robust plant that will withstand the elements. It grows in the UK & Ireland in damp rocky places subject to flooding. It is planted as hedging, along roadway verges, in exposed gardens, around supermarket carparks & beachfront properties. All it asks is full sun & good drainage,

Gardening Know How: Potentilla Plant Care: Tips For Growing Potentilla Shrub http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/shrubs/potentilla/growing-potentilla-shrubs.htm

Bumblebee on Potentilla singleBumblebee on Potentilla

 

 

Bees’ Favourite.

The Potentilla blooms until mid-autumn and flowers are visited by a succession of Bees & other pollinators. This is a reliable Bees’ Favourite.

 

 

Other names: Anserina, Anserine, Argentina Anserine, Argentine, Bec d’ Oie, Crampweed, Creeping Cinquefoil, Creeping Tormentil, European Cinquefoil, Five Fingers, Goose Grass, Goose Tansy, Herbe aux Oies, Moor Grass, Potentilla Anserina, Potentille, Potentille Anserine, Potentille des Oies, Prince’s Feathers, Richette, Silverweed, Trailing Tansy, Wild Agrimony, Wild Tansy.

 

 

 

2013: Very few bees this year for the Potentilla. The long cold winter and wet spring have taken their toll.

 

2015: The Potentilla is having a good season. Many blooms, many pollinators, as witness the Hoverfly below.

 

2016: Another good year for the Potentilla. Winter and Spring may have been hard on some of its neighbours, but its many flowers had many visitors.

 

Potentilla enhanced

hoverfly on potentillaPotentilla flower NO HOLESPotentilla, Chinese Foxglove with BumblebeePotentilla flower w mystery bug